Protecting elephants in Tanzania

We’re working in Tanzania to help farmers safeguard produce without harming elephants

Farming in elephant habitats

We’ve been working in Mikumi and Tarangire National Parks in Tanzania for six years. They are natural elephant habitats that are close to local farmland.  This can cause problems for farmers in these areas as the elephants often eat or crush maize, sorghum, and watermelon crops, sometimes destroying a whole year’s income. To protect their livelihoods, farmers may respond with extreme measures that can injure or kill elephants – like poisoning crops they know elephants will eat. So we’re working to provide practical, low cost, and sustainable solutions that keep elephants safe and protect crops.

We’re helping to reduce conflicts between elephants and farmers, using simple chilli fences

Our solution

Elephants avoid chilli. So we help farmers to build deterrents that won’t harm elephants, using chilli powder. Sisal – a local crop – is dipped in a mixture of engine oil and chilli powder and then hung from fences. We help farmers set up community savings and loan groups too, to help farmers pay for and sustainably manage these safe solutions.

Farmers in Mikumi are still building new fences and hanging new hives – and farmers in neighbouring communities have started doing the same. We’re also working with farmers on ways to reduce conflicts with local lions, leopards, hyena and livestock. We’re encouraging local governments and authorities to introduce similar solutions elsewhere. And we recently helped the Tanzanian government write new legislation on reducing conflict between wild animals and communities.

Farmers from Mikumi village harvest chillies in Tanzania

Tell the world:


Thank you

World Animal Protection acknowledges the generous support of the Aage V. Jensen Charity Foundation and TUI Care Foundation for our work to protect elephants in Tanzania.  

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