10 things you need to know about factory farmed chickens
As global chicken consumption grows each year, the secret suffering of meat chickens remains one of the biggest causes of animal suffering in the world, says international animal welfare charity, World Animal Protection.
In recent years’ consumers, have demanded higher welfare products and several food companies have gathered pace by making pledges to go cage-free for egg laying hens. But the plight of meat chickens remains hidden from sight with most people not knowing where the meat on their plate comes from.
Here are ten facts about factory-farmed chicken raised for their meat that you should know:
10 things you need to know about factory farmed chickens:
- Sixty billion chickens are raised every year across the world to be sold for their meat.40 billion of these will be raised in huge, crowded sheds, or cages, kept in dismal conditions that can cause them painful heart, skin, lung and bone problems and immense stress.
- Chicken is now one of the world’s most popular meats. Between 1996-2016, demand for chicken meat grew almost 40% in the European Union, 89% in China and 183% in India.
- A factory-farmed chicken lives an average of 42 days. In the wild, a chicken could expect to live several years.
- These chickens put on more than 50g every day, but their immune systems, organs and legs cannot keep up, meaning they can suffer a range of physical problems.
- Because of their shortened life span, chickens bred for meat may look fully-grown, but they are still babies when they are slaughtered.
- Specific breeds of chicken are bred only for meat, genetically selected for their ability to reach “slaughter weight” as fast as possible.
- Around 2,000 meat chickens are slaughtered every second.
- By the time they are ready for slaughter, many meat chickens live in a space smaller than an A4 piece of paper.
- Chickens love “dust-bathing”: digging a shallow hole to jump in and covering themselves in dry dust and dirt. It’s an important natural behaviour, keeping their feathers in good condition and removing parasites. Factory grown chickens are commonly prevented from dust-bathing and carrying out other important behaviours, such as pecking, scratching and perching.
- Seven out of ten consumers of chicken polled for World Animal Protection (71%) admitted that, when buying chicken at a fast-food outlet, they never ask where it comes from.
World Animal Protection CEO, Steve McIvor said: “This conveyer belt of rapidly grown chickens comes at a price. Behind the world’s favourite meat is an unacceptable cost of suffering that is increasing as the global demand for chicken grows.”
As the demand for chicken meat continues to rise, World Animal Protection believes consumers should no longer be kept in the dark, as the charity releases a new global poll revealing just how little we know about the chicken on our plate.
The poll – of 12,000 people worldwide - shows that although people are concerned about what they eat, very few know where that meat has come from.
What the poll tells us about global consumer views:
- Four out of five (79%) did not know that a chicken will only live on average 42 days
- Of those who eat chicken, four out of five (81%) said they would not buy chicken from a fast-food chain if they knew it had suffered serious health problems because of living in a cramped industrial farm
- seven out of ten (71%) never ask where their chicken comes from at fast-food outlets.
World Animal Protection is challenging fast food retailers such as KFC to improve the welfare of billions of chickens, because mass production is one of the biggest causes of animal suffering in the world. The organisation wants to see:
- The use of chicken breeds that grow at a slower, more natural rate
- More space for the chickens
- More things for the chickens to engage with and explore, such as perches and hay bales
- The introduction of natural light in the sheds
Steve McIvor continues: “We need to expose the woefully poor conditions that many factory-grown chickens are living in. They are suffering in secret, behind closed doors and away from public view. KFC has a huge stake in the market with more than 18,000 outlets in 115 countries; we want to see them use their global influence to show they care about the welfare of chickens.”
Note to editors
- For an interview with a spokesperson, contact International Media Team by email: email@example.com or call: +44 (0)20 7239 0500.
- B-roll footage is available of industrially farmed chicken in sheds and cages available. These are not linked to a particularly fast-food retailer – they are examples of industrial farming to highlight some of the welfare conditions.
- A short video asking people to think about what’s on their plate is also available https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pH-DbknatfY
- We polled in twelve countries: UK, Sweden, Netherlands, Denmark, USA, Canada, India, Brazil, Thailand, New Zealand, Australia and China. The poll was conducted by TNS Global.
- The questions we asked in the polling were:
- On average, approximately how long do you think a factory farmed chicken lives for before they become chicken meat in your country?
- When ordering chicken at a fast-food outlet, do you ever ask or check where the chicken comes from? By this we mean the type of place it was reared and not the country it came from.
- Thinking still about buying chicken at a fast-food outlet. If you knew that the chicken, you were buying had experienced deformities or serious health problems.